Biography of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
A good teacher must know how to awake the interest of the disciple in the zone of study for which he is liable. He must himself be a master in the zone of study and be in touch with the latest growth in the subject. He must himself be a comrade hiker in the exciting pursuit of information.
Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5th, 1888, at Thiruttani in Tamil Nadu, forty miles to the northeast of Madras, in South India. He was born into a penniless Brahmin family. His father Sarvepalli Veeraswami was employed on a little salary in the Zamindari. His mother's name was Sitamma. Radhakrishnan's father found it very difficult to educate his son with his little income.
But little Radhakrishnan was a gifted boy. His father did not want that he go to schoolo and learn English . Besides this he wanted him to become a priest. However, the talents of the boy were so superb that his father finally decided to send him to school at Tiruttani itself.
He was highly talented and he got most of his education on scholarships. After his initial schooling in Thiruttani, he attached the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school.
In the age of sixteen his parents got him married to Sivakamuamma while he was still studying at Vellore. From Vellore he moved to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17 (severteen). He chose philosophy as his major subject and attained the B.A. and M.A. in the field of Philosophy. In partial completion for his Master degree, Radhakrishnan wrote a dissertation on the' ethics of the Vedanta' titled as "The Ethics of the Vedanta and Its Metaphysical Presuppositions", which was a reply to the charge that the Vedanta system had no room for moral.
Dr. Radhakrishnan was educated by Dr. A.G. Hogg who was the professor of Philosophy. Radhakrishnan's M.A. dissertation was to be published when he was 20 years old.
In the age of 21 he got a job as a teacher. In the starting years of his teaching life, Radhakrishnan was penniless. He took his meal on banana leaves and not in a plate, as he could not make available to buy one. Once it to be get that he did not have the money to buy even banana leaves. So that day he carefully cleaned the floor, placed the meal on it and ate it.
His salary on those days was about Rs.17 and he had a big family with five daughters and a son to survive. He had loan some money and could not pay even the interest on it. He had to auction his medals to complete his needs. In the age of 30 years he made professor in the Calcutta University and also serve for five years as a vice chancellor in Anhdra University in the age of 40. In 1939, he was elected companion of the British Academy.
In 1952 he elected as a first Vice President of India at the age of 64. He were remains the post of President, General Conference of UNESCO from 1952-54. In upper session call Rajya Sabha ,Radhakrishnan would interfere with slokas from the Sanskrit classics or quotations from the Bible to quiet the charged environment.
In 1954,Dr. Radhakrishnan was distinguished with the award of Bharat Ratna in 1954. And at the same time, a book of 883 pages compilation titled "The Philosophy of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan" was released in America. In 1962 he was elected the President of India passed age 74.
On the occasion of his birthday we cerebrate the "Teachers Day" on every 5th September in his honor. It was a tribute to Dr. Radhakrishnan's close federation with the cause of teachers .
At the age of 79, Dr. Radhakrishnan returned to Madras to a warm homecoming. He spent his last years happily at his house "Girija" in Mylapore, Madras.
Dr. Radhakrishnan died peacefully on April 17, 1975 at a ripe old age of 87.
One of the most mottled things about Dr. Radhakrishnan was his versatility. His powerful mind, his power of speech, his command over the English language, his dedication to work and his mental trick greatly pass to his success in life. He will truly be missed as a leader and a teacher who had the wisdom of a hermit, detachment of a philosopher and the maturity of a state leader.
Message for Teachers
So like Dr. Radhakrishnan every teacher should adopt their path and devote to students as their child. They teach them for becoming educated, not for professional.
In his complete life he wrote many articles. Out of those some principle/famous articles are mention below:-
*The Philosophy of Rabindra Nath Tagore (1918)
*Essentials of Psychology (1912)
*The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy (1920)
*The Hindu View of Life (1926)
*Indian Philosophy - Volume II (1927)
*Indian Philosophy - Volume I (1923)
*Kalki or the Future of Civilization (1929)
*The Religion We Need (1928)
*The Heart of Hindustan (1936)
*An Idealist View of Life (Hibbert Lectures) (1932)
*East and West in Religion (1933)
*Contemporary Indian Philosophy (1936)
*Freedom and Culture (1936)
*Religion in Transition (1937)
*Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939)
*India and China (1944)
*Mahatma Gandhi (Essays and Reflections on his Life and Work) (1939)
*Is this Peace ? (1945)
*Education, Politics and War (A collection of addresses) (1944)
*Religion and Society (Kamala Lectures) (1947)
*Great Indians (1949)
*The Bhagavadgita (1948)
*The Dhammapada (1950)
*An Anthology (Of Radhakrishnan Writings) (1952)
*History of Philosophy in Eastern and Western (2 Vols.) (1952)
*The Religion of the Spirit and World's Need: Fragments of a Confession (1952)
*The Principal upaniShads (1953)
*Recovery of Faith (1956)
*East and West: Some Reflections (First series in Bently Memorial Lectures) (1955)
*Occasional Speeches and Writings - Vol I (1956), Vol II (1957)
*The brahma sutra: The Philosophy of Spiritual Life (1960)
*A Source Book in Indian Philosophy (1957)
*The Concept of Man (1960)
*Occasional Speeches [July 1959 - May 1962] (1963)
*Fellowship of Faiths (Opening address to the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard) (1961)
*President Radhakrishnan's Speeches and Writings 1962-1964 (1965)
On Nehru (1965)
*President Radhakrishnan's Speeches and Writings 1964-1967 (1969)
*Radhakrishnan Reader: An Anthology (1969)
*Religion in a Changing World (1967)
*The Creative Life (1975)
*True Knowledge (1978)
*Living with a Purpose (1977)
*Towards a New World (1980)
*Indian Religions (1979)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Quotes